A cardigan is a type of knit shirt than has an open front. Often, cardigans can be tied, buttoned, or zipped. By contrast, a pullover does not open in front but must be "pulled over" the head to be worn. It may be mechine- or hand-knitted. The cardigan was named after James Brudenell,7th earl of carbigan , a British army Major General who led the Change of the light Brigade at the Battel of Balaclava during the Crimean War. It is modelled after the knitted wool waistcoat
that British officers supposedly wore during the war. The legend of the
event and the fame that Brudenell achieved after the war led to the
rise of the garment's popularity.